Author Topic: DASH diet: Healthy eating to lower your blood pressure  (Read 127 times)

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DASH diet: Healthy eating to lower your blood pressure
« on: August 17, 2019, 11:14:39 AM »
DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. The DASH diet is a lifelong approach to healthy eating that's designed to help treat or prevent high blood pressure (hypertension). The DASH diet plan was developed to lower blood pressure without medication in research sponsored by the National Institutes of Health.
The DASH diet encourages you to reduce the sodium in your diet and eat a variety of foods rich in nutrients that help lower blood pressure, such as potassium, calcium and magnesium.

The diet is simple:
•   Eat more fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy foods
•   Cut back on foods that are high in saturated fat, cholesterol, and trans fats
•   Eat more whole-grain foods, fish, poultry, and nuts
•   Limit sodium, sweets, sugary drinks, and red meats

In research studies, people who were on the DASH diet lowered their blood pressure within 2 weeks.
The DASH diet calls for a certain number of servings daily from various food groups. The number of servings you require may vary, depending on how many calories you need per day.

DASH diet: Sodium levels
The DASH diet emphasizes vegetables, fruits and low-fat dairy foods — and moderate amounts of whole grains, fish, poultry and nuts.
In addition to the standard DASH diet, there is also a lower sodium version of the diet. You can choose the version of the diet that meets your health needs:
•   Standard DASH diet: You can consume up to 2,300 milligrams (mg) of sodium a day.
•   Lower sodium DASH diet: You can consume up to 1,500 mg of sodium a day.

You can make gradual changes. For instance, start by limiting yourself to 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day (about 1 teaspoon). Then, once your body has adjusted to the diet, cut back to 1,500 milligrams of sodium per day (about 2/3 teaspoon). These amounts include all sodium eaten, including sodium in food products as well as in what you cook with or add at the table.

Dash Diet Tips
•   Add a serving of vegetables at lunch and at dinner.
•   Add a serving of fruit to your meals or as a snack. Canned and dried fruits are easy to use, but check that they don't have added sugar.
•   Use only half your typical serving of butter, margarine, or salad dressing, and use low-fat or fat-free condiments.
•   Drink low-fat or skim dairy products any time you would normally use full-fat or cream.
•   Limit meat to 6 ounces a day. Make some meals vegetarian.
•   Add more vegetables and dry beans to your diet.
•   Instead of snacking on chips or sweets, eat unsalted pretzels or nuts, raisins, low-fat and fat-free yogurt, frozen yogurt, unsalted plain popcorn with no butter, and raw vegetables.
•   Read food labels to choose products that are lower in sodium.

Source: WebMD & MayoClinic